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How Social Media Affects the Health of Students in Ontario

Monique Zizzo
“Instagram makes me feel ugly.”

My roommate's friend recently admitted this to her as she explained how social media affects her body image and self-esteem. This problematic comment had me wondering: How many young women feel this way while scrolling through their Instagram feed but are reluctant to reveal their insecurity? How does social media affect the health of students in Ontario, and how can they prevent unrealistic images from distorting it? social media cube

Mental Health

Results from the 2013 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey showed a shocking correlation between poor mental health and the frequent use of social media. In this survey, 5,478 students in Ontario from grades 7-12 indicated how many hours they spent on social media each day, and then rated their own mental health and level of psychological distress. Here are some notable comparisons:
  • 28% of students who used social media for 5+ hours/day rated their mental health as “poor” or “fair”, but only 11% of students who did not use social media or did not use it daily gave the same response.
  • 49% of participants who used social media for 5+ hours/day indicated a moderate or high level of psychological distress, while just 19% of students who did not use social media or did not use it daily indicated the latter.
While no one can be certain that social media was the direct cause of these students' distress, it is clear that far more students who used social media frequently had negative mental health experiences than those who didn't.

Depression and anxiety are two common mental health issues, and low self-esteem has been linked with both. A poor state of mental health can have severe effects on the body. social media

Physical Health

Individuals who have poor mental health have been proven to be at higher risk for developing chronic physical conditions than those who do not. In addition, people who are under psychological distress often have physical symptoms such as headaches, chest pain, back pain, or an upset stomach, and can develop more dangerous conditions like elevated blood pressure or stomach ulcers. Using social media for extended amounts of time everyday also allows less time for exercise, an activity that actually boosts your mood while improving your overall fitness.

Should You Quit Social Media?

Does this information mean that you should stop using social media altogether? Not necessarily. When used in moderation, social media can be a powerfully useful instrument with little or no negative consequences.

Considering that Ontario has the highest number of Facebook users in Canada, it can serve as a valuable tool for networking along with other social media outlets and can be a great way to connect with friends and family. However, if you personally find that Instagram (or any other platform) is damaging to your mental health or self-esteem, deleting your account may be the best solution. Your health is much more important than what you could be missing out on! facebook class

Achieving and Maintaining High Self-Esteem

In closing, even though there are an infinite amount of unrealistic images on social media, you don't have to let them deplete your self image. Here are a few ways you can keep your self-esteem in check:
  • Make yourself a list of goals to achieve everyday. Proving to yourself that you're capable of completing any task will raise your self-esteem over time.
  • Give yourself credit for your accomplishments. When you achieve a goal, don't undermine its importance.
  • Get adequate sleep and moderate exercise, avoid drugs and alcohol, eat healthy: These habits reduce irritability and negative moods, which could be contributing to feelings of low self worth.
  • Seek comfort from family and close friends. Spending time with people who appreciate you is a great way to boost your confidence when you're feeling down.
Monique Zizzo February 08, 2017

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